Publications
Title: Mary, Lady Guildford
Date: 1527
Artist: Hans Holbein the Younger
German, 1497/98–1543
Medium: oil on panel
Dimensions:
34 1/4 x 27 13/16 in. (87 x 70.6 cm)
framed: 46 1/4 x 40 x 3 1/4 in. (117.5 x 101.6 x 8.3 cm)
Credit Line: Museum Purchase
Object Number: 1:1943
Place made: England
Current Location: On View, Gallery 238
Notes:
Henry Guildford was Comptroller under King Henry VIII. This splendid portrait of his wife, Mary Wooten, is among the most impressive of Hans Holbein the Younger's English paintings. Holbein excelled in verisimilitude, creating his precisely drawn countenances and richly detailed costumes with an economy of paint.

This portrait is one of a pair that presented husband and wife. Hung with gold chains and embellished with pearls, Lady Guildford embodies worldly prosperity, and with her prayer book she is also the very image of propriety. Although a preparatory drawing for this painting, now in the Kunstmuseum Basel, Switzerland, shows a winsome charmer who glances off to the side, Holbein changed the direction of his sitter's gaze to suggest a more mature woman. The background ivy may have been intended as an emblem of steadfastness.


Signed: unsigned
Provenance
by 1590 - 1609
John Lumley (c.1533-1609), 1st Baron Lumley, London, England [1]

1609 - 1646
Thomas Howard (1585-1646), 14th Earl of Arundel, London, England, by inheritance [2]

1646 - 1654
Aletheia Talbot Howard (d.1654), Countess of Arundel, London, England; Arundel Castle, Sussex, England; Amsterdam, The Netherlands, by inheritance [3]

1654 - 1680
William Howard (1612/1614-1680), 1st Earl of Stafford, London, England, by inheritance [4]

by 1719 - 1734
William Stafford-Howard (d.1734), 2nd Earl of Stafford, London, England, by inheritance [5]

by 1761 - still in 1766
Hugh (Smithson) Percy (1714-1786), 1st Duke of Northumberland, Northumberland House, London, England [6]

- c.1851
George Folliott (d. c.1851), Vicars Cross, Chester, England [7]

c.1851 -
Mrs. E. I. E. Folingsby Walker, by inheritance [8]

- 1930
James Folliott Folingsby, by inheritance [9]

1930/05/14
A. L. Nicholson, purchased at sale of the Folliott collection at Sotheby & Co., London, May 14, 1930, lot no. 60 [10]

1930 - 1943
Colnaghi's and Matthiesen Gallery, London, England (owned jointly), purchased from A. L. Nicholson [11]

1943
Jacob M. Heimann, New York, NY, USA [12]

1943 -
Saint Louis Art Museum, purchased form Jacob M. Heimann [13]


Notes:
There is a copy of this painting at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY. Before the discovery of the St. Louis picture in 1930, the Met picture was believed to be an original by Holbein. The Met version belonged to the Duke of Buckingham at Stowe and was later in the collections of H. Rodd, Thomas and Edward Frewen, and W. H. Vanderbilt [Rowlands, John. "Holbein: The Paintings of Hans Holbein the Younger." Oxford: Phaidon, 1985, p. 133]. These two pictures are often confused in the literature.

This painting is commonly believed to be the companion portrait to "Sir Henry Guildford" now at Windsor Castle.

[1] In the 1590 inventory of the Lumley collection, there is a picture described as, "Of the La: Guilfourd wife to Sir Henry Guilfourd Coumptroller, drawne by Haunce Holbyn." This is most likely the Saint Louis Art Museum's picture although before the Museum picture reappeared, it was often assumed that this referred to the copy at the Met [Cust, Sir Lionel. "The Lumley Inventories." "Walpole Society." 6 (1917-1918)].

John Lumley was married to Jane FitzAlan (d.1577), daughter of 12th Earl of Arundel, Henry FitzAlan Arundel (1512-80). The Earl of Arundel had purchased Henry VIII's Nonsuch Palace from Queen Mary in 1556 and Lumley inherited it in 1580. It is possible that this picture was part of the FitzAlan collection inherited by John Lumley [Hervey, Mary F. S. "The Life, Correspondence, & Collections of Thomas Howard, Earl of Arundel." Cambridge: 1921, p. 52-59].

[2] According to Mary Hervey's book, the picture was with the contents of Tower Hill, the residence of Lord Lumley, which was inherited by Lord Lumley's second wife, Elizabeth Darcy. Elizabeth Darcy died in 1617 and her will specified that all her pictures were to go to her brother, Thomas, Lord Darcy, and then to his daughter, Elizabeth, Lady Savage, after his death. Lord Darcy died in 1639, at which time the paintings would have passed on to his daughter [Hervey, p. 57]. There is no conclusive evidence that this picture actually took this route. There is evidence that Lord Darcy allowed at least some pictures to be given to Lord Arundel [Howarth, David. "Lord Arundel and his Circle." New Haven: Yale University Press, 1985, p. 69].

[3] Thomas Howard's 1641 will contains an inventory of his collection. There is a reference to "Two pictures, the one a yong Man at large, leaning upon his sword, the other of a Girle" [Cust, Lionel. "Notes on the Collection Formed by Thomas Howard, Earl of Arundel." "Burlington Magazine." 20 no. 104 (November 1911), p. 98]. It is possible that this refers to the SLAM picture and its companion. Listed in the "Inventory of pictures, etc., in the possession of Alethea, Countess of Arundel, at the time of her death at Amsterdam in 1654" along with its companion portrait of Sir Henry Guildford [Cox, Mary L. "Inventory of the Arundel Collection." "Burlington Magazine." 19 no. 102 (September 1911): p. 323]. This inventory was drawn up in the process of litigation over the Countess's will.

[4] William Howard was the son of Thomas Howard, the 14th Earl of Arundel. According to Oliver Miller, the picture and its companion were probably inherited by William Howard and passed to his grandson, William, Earl of Stafford [Miller, Oliver. "The Tudor, Stuart and Early Georgian Pictures in the Collection of her Majesty the Queen." London: Phaidon, 1963, p. 58].

[5] The picture and its companion were apparently seen in 1726 at the residence of William Stafford-Howard, Tart Hall [Miller, p. 58]. The Getty Provenance of Paintings has the picture remaining in the Stafford-Howard family until shortly before it reappeared with the Duke of Northumberland. This is a strong possibility.

[6] In his "Anecdotes," Horace Walpole mentions seeing the picture at Northumberland House in 1761 [Walpole, Horace. "Anecdotes of Painting in England." London: Swan Sonnenschein, Lowrey & Co., 1888, p. 80-82]. Martyn located the picture in the same collection in a 1766 publication [Martyn, Thomas. "The English Connoisseur." London: Printed for L. Davis and C. Reymers, 1766, p. 191].

[7] According to the auction catalog from a sale at Sotheby's, May 14, 1930, the picture was the property of the late George Folliott of Vicar's Cross Cheshire and was sold by the "joint direction of his daughter, Mrs. E. I. E. Folingsby Walker, the present tenant for life, and her son, James Folliott Folingsby, Esq., the absolute owner in reversion" ["Catalogue of Valuable Pictures by Old Masters of the Italian, Dutch and German Schools." Sotheby & Co., London, May 14, 1930, lot no. 60]. According to an undated letter from the dealer Jacob M. Heimann, the picture passed directly from Northumberland to Folliott but whether by purchase or inheritance could not be established [SLAM document files].

[8] See note [7].

[9] See note [7].

[10] See note [7]. According to Art Prices Current [Getty Provenance of Paintings]. The picture was sold as Flemish School, "Portrait of Dame Elizabeth Bullen." The annotated catalog at the Getty Research Institute has "Bull" as the buyer.

[11] Joint account between Colnaghi's and Matthiesen Gallery, according to Colnaghi's private ledgers cited by the Getty Provenance of Paintings.

[12] According to the Getty Provenance of Paintings, Heimann was acting as the agent for Matthiesen and Colnaghi's. This appears to be based on an old Museum accession record but no other confirmation of this information could be located [SLAM document files].

[13] Minutes of the Administrative Board of Control of the City Art Museum, January 7, 1943.
Exhibition History
Title: From Van Eyck to Dürer
Date: October 28, 2010–January 30, 2011
Venue: Groeningemuseum
Title: Forty Masterpieces from the Collections of the City Art Museum of Saint Louis
Date: October 1947
Venue: City Art Museum of Saint Louis
Title: Exhibition of the King's Pictures
Date: January 1946
Venue: Royal Academy of Arts, London
Title: Holbein: Portraits of Sir Henry and Lady Guildford
Date: January 31 – April 27, 2003
Venue: National Gallery, London
Title: Fifty Masterworks from the City Art Museum of St. Louis
Date: November 6 - December 13, 1958
Venue: Wildenstein & Co., Inc.
Title: Portraits, Drawings and Miniatures by Hans Holbein the Younger
Venue: Royal Picture Gallery Mauritshuis
Title: Hans Holbein the Younger
Date: April 1 – July 2, 2006
Venue: Kunstmuseum Basel
Title: Exhibitions of Paintings by Old Masters
Date: January 1935
Venue: P. & D. Colnaghi & Co., Ltd.
Title: Holbein and His Contemporaries: A Loan Exhibition of Painting in France, The Netherlands, Germany and England
Date: October 22 – December 24, 1950
Venue: John Herron Museum of Art
Publication History
Title: Hans Holbein der Jüngere, Werk und Welt
Author: Wilhelm Weatzoldt
Title: Zwei Werke Hans Holbeins D. J. aus der Frühzeit des ersten englischen aufenthalts
Periodical Title: Festschrift zur Eröffnung des Kunstmuseums
Year Published: 1936
Title: Forbidden fruit : a history of women and books in art
Year Published: 2009
Title: The Paintings of Hans Holbein: First Complete Edition
Year Published: 1956
Title: Dress at the Court of King Henry VIII
Editor: Maria Hayward
Publisher: Maney Publishing
Title: A Catalogue of German Paintings of the Middle Ages and Renaissance in American Collections
Author: Charles L. Kuhn
Title: Dismembered works of art - German painting
Author: Albert Schug
Title: Hans Holbein's Portrait of Lady Guildford: A Comparitive Study
Edition: December 3, 1932
Year Published: 1932
Title: Fifty Masterworks from the City Art Museum of St. Louis
Year Published: 1958
Title: Hans Holbein: Portraitist of the Renaissance
Editor: Ariane van Suchtelen
Editor: Quentin Buvelot
Editor: Peter van der Ploeg
Title: The St. Louis Art Museum: Handbook of the Collections
Publisher: Saint Louis Art Museum
Title: European Paintings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art by artists born in or before 1865: A summary catalogue
Year Published: 1980
Title: Holbein
Author: Hermann Knackfuss
Author: Helen Langdon
Author: Jane Roberts
Title: Picking up the Pieces: The Case of the Dismembered Masterpieces
Periodical Title: Art News
Author: Patricia Failing
Title: Acquisition of the Year, Holbein's Lady with a squirrel, c.1527
Periodical Title: Apollo
Edition: December
Year Published: 1992
Title: Hans Holbein d. J. als Maler
Author: Hans Werner Grohn
Title: Holbein's 'Lady Guldeford'
Periodical Title: Bulletin of the City Art Museum of Saint Louis
Edition: May
Year Published: 1943
Title: Holbein and England
Author: Susan Foister
Title: Holbein and His Contemporaries: A loan exhibition of painting in France, the Netherlands, Germany and England
Year Published: 1950
Title: Holbein and the Court of Henry VIII: the Queen's Gallery, Buckingham Palace
Year Published: 1978
Title: Anecdotes of Painting in England; with some account of the principal artists by Horace Walpole [1761] with additions by the Rev. James Dallaway, and Vertue's Catalogue of engravers who have been born or have resided in England; a new edition, revised
Author: Horatio Walpole
Title: Holbein Painting Here Has 'Double'
Periodical Title: St. Louis Globe-Democrat
Author: Sue Ann Wood
Title: Holbein: The Paintings of Hans Holbein the Younger
Author: John Rowlands
Title: Saint Louis Art Museum: Handbook of the Collection
Editor: Mary Ann Steiner
Publisher: Saint Louis Art Museum
Title: Holbein
Periodical Title: Time Out London
Author: Sarah Kent
Title: Hans Holbein d.J. Zeichnungen aus dem Kupferstichkabinett der Öffentlichen Kunstsammlung Basel
Year Published: 1988
Title: Exhibition Review: Hans Holbein
Periodical Title: Burlington Magazine
Author: Susan Foister
Title: De Arundel-Collectie: Commencement de la fin Amersfoort 1655
Author: F. H. C. Weijtens
Title: The Cambridge Guide to the Arts in Britain
Year Published: 1989
Title: The Saint Louis Art Museum Handbook of the Collections
Editor: Mary Ann Steiner
Publisher: Saint Louis Art Museum
Title: The Dictionary of Art
Editor: Jane Turner
Title: Handbook of the Collections: The City Art Museum of Saint Louis
Publisher: Saint Louis Art Museum
Title: Viewing Renaissance Art
Year Published: 2007
Title: See for Yourself: Highlights of the Collection
Periodical Title: A Gallery Guide for The Saint Louis Art Museum
Publisher: Saint Louis Art Museum
Title: Drawings by Holbein from the Court of Henry VIII: Fifty Drawings from the Collection of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, Windsor Castle
Year Published: 1987
Title: Hans Holbein Der Jüngere Sein Aufsteig Zur Meisterschaft Und Sein Englischer Stil
Author: Heinrich Alfred Schmid
Title: Hans Holbein's A Lady With A Squirrel And A Starling
Periodical Title: National Gallery Technical Bulletin
Year Published: 1994
Title: Hans Holbein the Younger at Antwerp and in England, 1526-28
Periodical Title: Apollo
Author: John Fletcher
Title: Paternes for Phiosioneamys: Holbein's Portraiture Reconsidered
Periodical Title: Burlington Magazine
Author: Maryan Wynn Ainsworth
Title: Hans Holbein. Tafelmaler in Basel 1515–1532
Author: Jochen Sander
Title: Handbook of the Collections: The City Art Museum of Saint Louis
Publisher: Saint Louis Art Museum
Title: The Northern Renaissance : Durer to Holbein
Author: Kate Heard
Author: Lucy Whitaker
Title: The Life Correspondence and Collections of Thomas Howard Earl of Arundel
Author: Mary F.S. Hervey
Title: The Lumley Inventories
Periodical Title: Burlington Magazine
Author: David Piper
Author: Sir Lionel Cust
Title: On Loan: The Museum's Portrait of Lady Guildford on View at the National Gallery in London
Periodical Title: Saint Louis Art Museum Magazine
Edition: April-June
Year Published: 2003
Title: A New View: More European Art to 1800
Periodical Title: Saint Louis Art Museum Magazine
Publisher: Saint Louis Art Museum
Title: Holbein and the Court of Henry VII: Drawings and Miniatures from the Royal Library Windsor Castle
Year Published: 1993
Title: Holbein: Portraits of Sir Henry and Lady Guildford
Year Published: 2003
Title: The Art of the Northern Renaissance
Periodical Title: The Great Courses : Fine Arts and Music
Year Published: 2007
Title: Lord Arundel and his Circle
Author: Thomas Howarth
Title: Holbein am Hofe Heinrichs VII
Year Published: 1997
Title: Northern Renaissance Paintings: The Discovery of Invention
Periodical Title: The Saint Louis Art Museum Bulletin
Author: Molly Faries
Author: Maryan Wynn Ainsworth
Publisher: Saint Louis Art Museum
Title: Hans Holbein, 1497/98-1543
Year Published: 1999
Title: Great British Paintings from American Collections: Holbein to Hockney
Author: Malcolm Warner
Author: Robyn Asleson
Title: German Paintings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1350-1600
Author: Maryan Wynn Ainsworth
Author: Joshua P. Waterman
Title: Forty Masterpieces from the Collections of the City Art Museum of Saint Louis
Periodical Title: Bulletin of the City Art Museum of Saint Louis
Author: Perry T. Rathbone
Publisher: Saint Louis Art Museum
Title: Holbein
Author: Jane Roberts
Title: Inventory of the Arundel Collection
Periodical Title: Burlington Magazine
Author: Mary L. Cox
Title: Hans Holbein the Younger
Author: Arthur Bensley Chamberlain
Title: Notes on the Collections Formed by Thomas Howard, Earl of Arundel and Surrey, K.G.
Author: Cust Lionel
Title: L'opera pittorica completa de Holbein it giovane
Author: Roberto Salvini
Title: The Queen's Pictures
Year Published: 1977
Title: New in the Museum Shop: Rings on Her Fingers
Periodical Title: Saint Louis Art Museum Magazine
Edition: November-December
Year Published: 1991
Title: The Tudor, Stuart and Georgian Pictures in the Collection of Her Majesty the Queen
Year Published: 1963
Title: Hans Holbein d.J.:Die Darmstädter Madonna
Author: Oskar Bätschmann
Title: Paintings by Old Masters
Periodical Title: Burlington Magazine
Author: Charles Nagel
Title: Hans Holbein
Year Published: 1997
Title: Records of the Lumleys of Lumley Castle
Author: Edith Milner
Title: Holbein
Author: Helen Langdon
Title: Review of Charles Kuhn's "Catalogue of German paintings of the Middle ages and the Renaissance in American Collections"
Periodical Title: Burlington Magazine
Author: Max J. Friedländer
Title: Hans Holbein the Younger: The Basel Years 1515-1532
Author: Christian Müller
Author: Stephan Kemperdick
Title: The Royal Palaces of Tudor England: Architecture and Court Life 1460-1547
Author: Simon Thurley
Title: The English Connoisseur
Author: Thomas Martyn
Title: Nineteenth Century British and French Art from the Winthrop Collection of the Fogg Art Museum
Year Published: 2002
Title: The Shadow of Death in the Work of Hans Holbein the Younger
Year Published: 1999
Title: Holbein
Author: Helen Langdon
Title: Holbein The Complete Paintings
Author: Roy C. Strong
Title: Die Malerei der deutschen Renaissance
Author: Anne-Marie Bonnet
Author: Gabriele Kopp-Schmidt
Title: Hans Holbein Die Gemälde
Author: Paul Ganz
Title: The Tudor Tailor: Reconstructing Sixteenth-Century Dress
Author: Jane Malcolm-Davies
Author: Ninya Mikhaila
Title: Hans Holbein Portrait of an Unknown Man
Author: Derek Wilson
Title: Hans Holbein the Younger, 1497/98-1543: Portraitist of the Renaissance
Author: Stephanie Buck
Author: Jochen Sander
Title: Hans Holbein der Jüngere
Author: Wilhelm Waetzoldt
Title: Holbein der Jüngere und das Ende der altdeutschen Kunst
Author: Wilhelm Pinder
Title: The Drawings of Hans Holbein in the Collection of His Majesty the King at Windsor Castle
Year Published: 1945
Title: Catalogue of Valuable Pictures by Old Masters of the Italian, Dutch and German Schools from [various English collections]; Important Pictures from the Collection of the late George Folliott, Esq.; Fine English Portraits [of various English collections]
Edition: May 14
Year Published: 1930
Title: Early Northern European Paintings
Periodical Title: The Saint Louis Art Museum Bulletin
Author: Larry Silver
Publisher: Saint Louis Art Museum
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