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© 2005 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York, NY / VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn
Title: Self-Portrait 1950
Date: 1950
Artist: Max Beckmann
German, 1884–1950
Medium: oil on canvas
Dimensions:
55 1/8 x 36 in. (140 x 91.4 cm)
framed: 66 15/16 in. x 48 in. x 3 3/16 in. (170 x 121.9 x 8.1 cm)
Credit Line: Bequest of Morton D. May
Object Number: 866:1983
Place made: New York, New York, United States
Current Location: Not On View
Notes:
During the course of his lifetime, Max Beckmann portrayed his own image in about thirty-five canvases and an extraordinary number of prints. In these works, the artist frequently appears in various roles, as a clown, a king or an acrobat. Beckmann's diary reveals that he began this 1950 painting as "Self-Portrait Acrobat," but quickly abandoned the use of this guise of acrobat. Instead the artist stands before us a man, engaged in a moment of contemplation. Beckmann re-worked this final self-portrait many times, even, as he recorded one day in his diary, "to the point of exhaustion." Although the artist's right hand was initially outstretched prominently across his lower torso, in the final version of the canvas it has been put in his pocket.
Signed: l. r., in black paint: Beckmann / N Y 50
Provenance
1950 - 1960
Mathilde Q. Beckmann, New York, NY, USA, by inheritance from the artist

1960 - 1983
Morton D. May (1914-1983), St. Louis, MO, purchased from Mathilde Q. Beckmann, through Catherine Viviano Gallery, New York, NY [1]

1983 -
Saint Louis Art Museum, bequest of Morton D. May [2]


Notes:
[1] Morton D. May purchased this painting from the artist's wife, Mathilde Q. (Quappi) Beckmann [letter from Catherine Viviano, January 14, 1960; May record sheet, May Archives, Saint Louis Art Museum].

[2] Last Will and Testament of M. D. May dated June 11, 1982 [copy, May Archives, Saint Louis Art Museum]. Minutes of the Acquisitions and Loans Committee of the Board of Trustees, Saint Louis Art Museum, September 20, 1983.
Exhibition History
Title: Max Beckmann in America
Date: November 11 – December 6, 1969
Venue: Catherine Viviano Gallery
Title: Max Beckmann (1964-1965)
Date: May 15, 1964 - November 7, 1965
Venue: The Art Institute of Chicago
Venue: Tate Britain
Venue: Kunstverein Hamburg
Venue: Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
Venue: Frankfurter Kunstverein
Venue: Museum of Modern Art, New York
Title: Max Beckmann: 1884-1950
Date: November 22, 1955 - January 8, 1956
Venue: Kunsthaus Zürich
Title: Dix / Beckmann: World as Myth
Date: November 22, 2013 - October 8, 2014
Venue: Kunsthalle der Hypo-Kulturstiftung
Venue: Kunsthalle Mannheim
Title: Max Beckmann: Selbstbildnisse
Date: March 19 – August 8, 1993
Venue: Hamburger Kunsthalle
Venue: Staatsgalerie Moderner Kunst, München
Title: Modern German Masterpieces
Date: February 22, 1986 - June 21, 1987
Venue: Seattle Art Museum
Venue: San Diego Museum of Art
Venue: Fort Worth Art Museum
Venue: Phoenix Art Museum
Venue: Crocker Art Museum
Venue: North Carolina Museum of Art
Title: Max Beckmann (1956 The Hague)
Date: March 14 - May 7, 1956
Venue: Gemeentemuseum Den Haag
Title: Hinter der Bühne: "Backstage," Max Beckmann 1950
Date: October 10, 1990 - January 13, 1991
Venue: Städelsches Kunstinstitut und Städtische Galerie, Frankfurt
Title: Max Beckmann: Gemälde 1905-1950
Date: July 21, 1990 - January 13, 1991
Venue: Städelsches Kunstinstitut und Städtische Galerie, Frankfurt
Venue: Museum der bildenden Künste Leipzig
Title: Max Beckmann: Meisterwerke 1907-1950
Date: September 21, 1994 - January 8, 1995
Venue: Staatsgalerie Stuttgart
Title: Max Beckmann (1968-1969)
Date: September 25, 1968 - March 2, 1969
Venue: Centre Georges Pompidou - Musée National d'Art Moderne
Venue: Palais des Beaux Arts, Brussels
Venue: Haus der Kunst, München
Title: Expressionisten: Sammlung Morton D. May
Date: September 27, 1968 - September 14, 1969
Venue: Museum des 20. Jahrhunderts
Venue: Badischer Kunstverein, Karlsruhe
Venue: Museum Folkwang
Venue: Kunsthalle Bremen
Venue: Kunsthalle Bielefeld
Venue: Wallraf-Richartz-Museum
Title: Max Beckmann, un peintre dans l'histoire
Date: September 10, 2002 - September 29, 2003
Venue: Centre Georges Pompidou - Musée National d'Art Moderne
Venue: Tate Modern
Venue: Museum of Modern Art, New York
Title: German Expressionist Paintings from the Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Morton D. May (1960-1963)
Date: November 13, 1960 - January 6, 1963
Venue: The Baltimore Museum of Art
Venue: William Rockhill Nelson Gallery of Art
Venue: Carnegie Museum of Art
Venue: The Corcoran Gallery of Art
Venue: University of California, Los Angeles
Venue: Fine Arts Gallery of San Diego
Venue: Denver Art Museum
Venue: The Butler Institute of American Art
Venue: Akron Art Museum
Venue: M. H. de Young Memorial Museum, Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco
Venue: The Art Institute of Chicago
Title: Paintings from the Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Morton D. May (1960)
Date: February 14 - July 4, 1960
Venue: Pius XII Memorial Library
Title: American Painting Today
Date: December 8, 1950 - February 25, 1951
Venue: The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Title: Ausstellung Max Beckmann (1956 Basel)
Date: January 14 - February 12, 1956
Venue: Kunsthalle Basel
Title: [No Title: Reciprocal loan for Max Beckmann and Paris]
Date: Sep 10, 1998 – Jun 29, 1999
Venue: Museum Pfalzgalerie Kaiserslautern
Title: Exiles and Emigrés: The Flight of European Artists from Hitler
Date: February 23, 1997 - January 4, 1998
Venue: Los Angeles County Museum of Art
Venue: Montreal Museum of Fine Arts
Venue: Neue Nationalgalerie
Title: German Expressionist Paintings from the Collection of Mr. Morton D. May (1967)
Date: September 20 - October 22, 1967
Venue: Portland Art Museum
Title: Max Beckmann (1951)
Date: April 3 - 28, 1951
Venue: Buchholz Gallery
Title: Caught by Politics: Art of the 1930s and 40s
Date: January 19 - March 18, 2001
Venue: Washington University Gallery of Art
Title: The Mirror and the Mask: Portraiture in the Age of Picasso
Date: February 6, 2007 – September 16, 2007
Venue: Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza
Venue: Kimbell Art Museum
Title: Max Beckmann: Das Portrait, Gemälde, Aquarelle, Zeichnungen,
Date: August 26 – November 17, 1963
Venue: Badischer Kunstverein, Karlsruhe
Title: Max Beckmann Retrospective (1984)
Date: February 25, 1984 - February 3, 1985
Venue: Neue Nationalgalerie
Venue: Saint Louis Art Museum
Venue: Los Angeles County Museum of Art
Venue: Haus der Kunst, München
Title: Max Beckmann and America
Date: October 7, 2011 – January 8, 2012
Venue: Städelsches Kunstinstitut und Städtische Galerie, Frankfurt
Title: Portraits (1925 - 1950) by Max Beckmann
Date: October 1 – December 1, 1957
Venue: New Gallery
Venue: Catherine Viviano Gallery
Publication History
Title: Max Beckmann in Exile
Year Published: 1996
Title: Eminent but Broke: Max Beckmann's New York Years
Periodical Title: The New York Times
Author: Ted Loos
Title: Max Beckmann
Author: Peter Selz
Title: Max Beckmann
Publisher: Haus der Kunst, München
Title: Max Beckmann: A Dream of Life
Editor: Zentrum Paul Klee
Title: Current Exhibitions: The Morton D. May Collection of 20th Century German Masters
Periodical Title: Bulletin of the City Art Museum of Saint Louis
Publisher: Saint Louis Art Museum
Title: Max Beckmann: Sichtbares und Unsichtbares
Year Published: 1965
Title: Blick auf Beckmann: Dokumente und Vorträge
Author: Erhard Göpel
Title: Max Beckmann at the Saint Louis Art Museum: The Paintings
Author: Lynette Roth
Publisher: Saint Louis Art Museum
Publisher: Prestel-Verlag
Title: Max Beckmann: The Landscapes
Year Published: 2011
Title: Paintings from the Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Morton D. May
Author: M.B. McNamee, S.J.
Title: Max Beckmann
Publisher: Palais des Beaux Arts, Brussels
Title: Max Beckmann and The Self
Author: Sister Wendy Beckett
Title: Max Beckmann in Seinen Späten Jahren
Author: Erhard Göpel
Title: Künstler über Kunst: ein ewiger Dialog über die Probleme der Kunst von Leonardo bis Picasso
Author: Eduard Thorn
Title: Self Portraits of Beckmann & Corinth
Periodical Title: Auction
Author: Allan Frumkin
Title: Max Beckmann: die Argonauten ein Triptychon
Year Published: 1957
Title: Max Beckmann: Katalog der Gemälde
Author: Erhard Göpel
Author: Barbara Göpel
Title: Max Beckmann: Tagebücher: 1940-1950
Editor: Mathilde Q. Beckmann
Title: Max Beckmann
Year Published: 1956
Title: Max Beckmann: 14 Gemälde
Publisher: Kunsthalle Bremen
Title: Saint Louis Art Museum: Handbook of the Collection
Editor: Mary Ann Steiner
Publisher: Saint Louis Art Museum
Title: Ausstellung Max Beckmann
Publisher: Kunsthalle Basel
Title: Beckmann & America
Editor: Jutta Schütt
Title: The Morton D. May Collection of 20th Century German Masters
Year Published: 1970
Title: Expressionisten: Sammlung Morton D. May
Publisher: Museum des 20. Jahrhunderts
Title: Max Beckmann
Year Published: 1959
Title: The Saint Louis Art Museum Handbook of the Collections
Editor: Mary Ann Steiner
Publisher: Saint Louis Art Museum
Title: Max Beckmann, Musée National d'Art Moderne
Year Published: 1968
Title: Max Beckmann: The Self-Portraits
Author: Peter Selz
Title: German Expressionist Paintings From the Collection of Mr. & Mrs. Morton D. May
Edition: 2
Year Published: 1960
Title: Max Beckmann in America
Periodical Title: Magazine of Art
Author: H. W. Janson
Title: Mein Leben mit Max Beckmann
Author: Mathilde Q. Beckmann
Title: Max Beckmann, 1884-1950: Paintings, Drawings, and Graphic Work
Year Published: 1965
Title: Max Beckmann: Das Portrait, Gemälde, Aquarelle, Zeichnungen
Publisher: Badischer Kunstverein, Karlsruhe
Title: Max Beckmann Retrospective
Editor: Carla Schulz-Hoffmann
Editor: Judith Weiss Levy
Publisher: Saint Louis Art Museum
Author: James D. Burke
Author: Peter Eikemeier
Title: Max Beckmann: Meisterwerke 1907-1950
Publisher: Staatsgalerie Stuttgart
Author: Karin von Maur
Title: German Expressionist Paintings From the Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Morton D. May
Edition: 1
Year Published: 1960
Title: Max Beckmann: Gemälde 1905-1950
Year Published: 1990
Title: Of 'Truths Impossible to Put in Words': Max Beckmann Contextualized
Author: Rose-Carol Washton Long
Author: Maria Makela
Title: Max Beckmann in Amerika
Author: Anabelle Kienle
Title: Max Beckmann: Selbstbildnisse
Year Published: 1994
Title: Hinter der Bühne: "Backstage," Max Beckmann 1950
Year Published: 1990
Title: Max Beckmann
Author: Perry T. Rathbone
Title: Beckmann's Self-Portraits
Periodical Title: Art International
Author: Catherine Evans
Author: Arthur Evans
Title: Max Beckmann: Der Maler
Author: Carla Schulz-Hoffmann
Title: Max Beckmann
Author: Stephan Lackner
Title: Max Beckmann
Author: Peter Selz
Title: Portraits (1925 - 1950) By Max Beckmann
Author: Catherine Viviano Gallery
Title: Max Beckmann: Leben im Werk, die Selbstbildnisse
Author: Fritz Erpel
Title: Max Beckmann
Editor: Sean Rainbird
Publisher: Tate Modern
Title: Max Beckmann: 1884 - 1950
Publisher: Kunsthaus Zürich
Title: Max Beckmann in America
Author: Catherine Viviano Gallery
Title: Max Beckmann: Gemälde, Aquarelle, Zeichnungen
Publisher: Kunstverein Hamburg
Title: Autoportraits de Beckmann: l'artiste en personne
Periodical Title: Connaissance des Arts
Author: Anne Bertrand
Title: Max Beckmann
Author: Stephan Lackner
Title: H. W. Janson and the Legacy of Modern Art at Washington University in St. Louis
Year Published: 2002
Title: Multiple Personalities: Self-Portraits in Series by Four Masters
Periodical Title: American Artist
Author: Terry Sullivan
Title: Max Beckmann 1884-1950 : The Path to Myth
Author: Reinhard Spieler
Title: Max Beckmann : der Maler seiner Zeit
Author: Uwe Schneede
Title: Modern German Masterpieces
Periodical Title: The Saint Louis Art Museum Bulletin
Author: Charles W. Haxthausen
Publisher: Saint Louis Art Museum
Title: Exiles + Emigrés: The Flight of European Artists from Hitler
Author: Stephanie Barron
Author: Sabine Eckmann
Publisher: Los Angeles County Museum of Art
Title: Vom Ich zum Selbst - Max Beckmanns Selbstbildnisse
Periodical Title: du
Author: Petra Kipphoff
Title: American Painting Today
Year Published: 1950
Title: Max Beckmann: Die Triptychen im Städel
Year Published: 1981
Title: The Mirror and the Mask: Portraiture in the Age of Picasso
Author: Paloma Alarcó
Author: Malcolm Warner
Publisher: Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza
Publisher: Kimbell Art Museum
Title: German Expressionist Paintings from the Collection of Mr. Morton D. May
Year Published: 1967
Title: Weltanschauliche Orientierungsversuche im Exil: New Orientations of World View in Exile
Periodical Title: Amsterdamer Beiträge zur neueren Germanistik
Editor: Dr. Reinhard Andress
Editor: Dr. Evelyn Meyer
Editor: Dr. Gregory Divers
Author: Sydney Norton
Author: Lynette Roth
Publisher: Rodopi
Title: Max Beckmann: Selbstbildnisse
Year Published: 1984
Title: Modern German Masterpieces from the Saint Louis Art Museum
Publisher: North Carolina Museum of Art
Title: Major St. Louis Collection on View: Morton D. May Expressionist Works at Pius XII Library
Periodical Title: The St. Louis Post-Dispatch
Edition: Music and the Arts - Sunday, February 14
Year Published: 1960
Title: Max Beckmann: The Self-Portraits
Year Published: 1992
Title: Max Beckmann Schauspieler-Triptychon
Author: Heinz Jatho
Title: Max Beckmann in America: A Personal Reminiscence
Periodical Title: In: German-American Cultural Review
Author: Perry T. Rathbone
Title: Beckmann
Year Published: 2002
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