Title: Album Quilt
Date: 1848
Culture: American
Medium: cotton
Dimensions:
100 1/4 x 100 1/4 in. (254.6 x 254.6 cm)
Credit Line: Gift of Mrs. Stratford Lee Morton
Object Number: 1:1973
Place made: Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Current Location: Not On View
Notes:
Album or friendship quilts were among the most beautiful and sophisticated American quilts produced in the nineteenth century. These quilts, made in Baltimore between 1846 and 1852, were stitched by groups of women to commemorate special events, to honor a prominent community member, or as a memento for someone relocating in this period of westward expansion. This quilt was made as a tribute to Elizabeth Morrison by a group of Methodist church women. It is inscribed, "Presented to E Morrison By Ladies of Baltimore, MD.," and has eight signatures. Two other inscriptions begin with the words "Friendship's Offering" and "Friendship's Gift." An additional message offers an insight into political events of the time: "From one of the Rough & Ready/To the/Worthy President/Mary Ann Hudgins/1848." U.S. Army General Zachary Taylor, who became the nation's president in 1849, was known to his troops as "Old Rough and Ready." The inspiration for the elaborate appliquéd border on this quilt probably came from an imported chintz fabric.
Signed: on grid of quilt blocks, vertical columns are A - E; horizontal rows 1 - 5: block 1-A, handwritten in ink: From one of the Rough and Ready / To the . . . / Worthy President . . . / Mary Ann Hudgins / 1848 block 2-B, handwritten in ink: Mary Jane Smith / 1848 block 2-C, handwritten in ink: Friendship's Offering / This is friendship's Offering, whose silent / Eloquence, more rich than words, / Speak of the givers Faith and . . . / in all . . . and says Forget Me Not. Elize [or Feliza or Eliza] Gerrett [or Garrett]
Provenance
Ralph Meyer, Delaware Water Gap, PA, USA [1]

by 1948 - 1973
Mr. and Mrs. Stratford Lee (Elise B.) Morton, St. Louis, MO, acquired from Ralph Meyer [2]

1973 -
Saint Louis Art Museum, given by Elise B. Morton [3]


Notes:
[1] The Mortons acquired the quilt from Ralph Meyer, according to a note on original Accession Record, "fide Margo Jester." Roland E. Jester, of Margo Antiques, St. Louis, provided an appraisal value for 1:1973; this provenance appears to have come through the same firm [see letter of appraisal, dated December 11, 1972, SLAM document files].

[2] A 1948 article about the quilt published in the Saint Louis Post-Dispatch cites Stratford Lee Morton as its owner ["Zachary Taylor's Quilt: A Century Ago it was Given to a President," "Saint Louis Post-Dispatch" October 3, 1948; SLAM document files]. Elise B. Morton is identified as Stratford Lee Morton's wife through information on a long-term loan agreement form, dated February 14, 1972 [SLAM document files].

[3] Deed of gift letter, dated January 2, 1973 [SLAM document files]. Minutes of the Acquisitions Committee of the Board of Trustees, December 12, 1972.

Exhibition History
Title: Made in America: Ten Centuries of American Art
Date: February 5, 1995 - October 6, 1996
Venue: Carnegie Museum of Art
Venue: Minneapolis Institute of Arts
Venue: The Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art
Venue: Toledo Museum of Art
Venue: Saint Louis Art Museum
Title: Quilts in a Material World: Selections from the Winterthur Collection
Date: March 2–May 26, 2008
Venue: Saint Louis Art Museum
Title: Threads of Prosperity: American Domestic Textiles
Date: June 3, 2003 – January 4, 2004
Venue: Saint Louis Art Museum
Title: Take Cover! Quilts and Coverlets From the Saint Louis Art Museum Collection
Date: August 14, 1980 – October 12, 1980
Venue: Saint Louis Art Museum
Title: By Heart and Hand: American Folk Art from Missouri Collections
Date: February 24 – May 28, 1984
Venue: Saint Louis Art Museum
Title: Textiles of the World
Date: March 18 – May 30, 1994
Venue: Saint Louis Art Museum
Title: American Coverlets, Old and New
Date: April 7 – May 3, 1948
Venue: City Art Museum of Saint Louis
Publication History
Title: Current and Coming
Periodical Title: Antiques Magazine
Author: Sarah B. Sherrill
Title: Baltimore Album Quilts
Author: Dena S. Katzenberg
Publisher: The Baltimore Museum of Art
Title: The St. Louis Art Museum: Handbook of the Collections
Publisher: Saint Louis Art Museum
Title: Made in America: Ten Centuries of American Art
Periodical Title: Saint Louis Art Museum Magazine
Publisher: Saint Louis Art Museum
Title: Take Cover! Quilts and Coverlets from the Collection
Periodical Title: The Saint Louis Art Museum Calendar
Edition: July/August 1980
Year Published: 1980
Title: Baltimore Album Quilts Historic Notes and Antiques Patterns: A Pattern Companion to Baltimore Beauties and Beyond
Year Published: 1990
Title: One Gallery Exhibitions: Threads of Prosperity: American Domestic Textiles, 1750-1875
Periodical Title: Saint Louis Art Museum Magazine
Edition: April-June
Year Published: 2003
Title: America's Quilts and Coverlets
Author: Carleton L. Safford
Title: Recent Acquisitions: A Baltimore Friendship Quilt
Periodical Title: The Saint Louis Art Museum Bulletin
Publisher: Saint Louis Art Museum
Title: Textiles from the Collection
Periodical Title: The Saint Louis Art Museum Bulletin
Author: Zoe Annis Perkins
Publisher: Saint Louis Art Museum
Title: Zachary Taylor's Quilt
Periodical Title: The St. Louis Post-Dispatch
Edition: October 3
Year Published: 1948
Title: Textiles of the World
Periodical Title: Saint Louis Art Museum Magazine
Publisher: Saint Louis Art Museum
Title: Saint Louis Art Museum: Handbook of the Collection
Editor: Mary Ann Steiner
Publisher: Saint Louis Art Museum
Title: Made in America: Ten Centuries of American Art
Author: Jeremy Strick
Editor: Kathryn C. Johnson
Publisher: Saint Louis Art Museum
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