Title: Annunciation
Date: c.1515
Artist: Gerard David
Netherlandish, c.1460–1523
Medium: oil on panel
Dimensions:
image only: 12 x 10 5/8 in. (30.5 x 27 cm)
framed: 18 3/8 x 17 7/8 x 4 1/8 in. (46.7 x 45.4 x 10.5 cm)
Credit Line: Museum Purchase
Object Number: 204:1942
Place made: Bruges, Belgium
Current Location: On View, Gallery 238
Notes:
An angel kneels on the left, having just entered Mary’s bedchamber to tell her that she will bear the son of God. The angel’s white robe is reminiscent of the contemporary garments worn by the acolytes who assisted priests in celebrating Mass. The meticulously detailed jeweled cape refers to the glories of heaven and also reminds us of the ritual celebration of Christ’s birth and death that takes place at the altar. Mary, who according to gospel accounts was reading the book of Isaiah, reacts in surprise to the arrival of her holy visitor. Her gesture and the fluttering pages of her open Bible suggest a spontaneous response.
Signed: unsigned
Provenance
Kunstsalon Paul Cassirer, Berlin, Germany [1]

Marchese F. Ollandi(ni), Sarzana or Genoa, Italy [2]

by 1932 -
Ernst Rosenfeld (1878-1937) and Florette Rosenfeld, New York, NY, USA [3]

- 1942
Cosmos Art, Inc. (Frederic A. Stern), New York, NY, USA

1942 -
Saint Louis Art Museum, purchased from Cosmos Art, Inc. [4]


Notes:

[1] “P. Cassirer” according to a handwritten note by Max J. Friedlander on a photograph archived by the Netherlands Institute for Art History (Rijksbureau voor Kunsthistorische Documentatie) [“Explore Gerard David: De annunciatie,” RKD, accessed 30 January 2014, ]. Friedlander was a noted scholar of Gerard David and a prolific photographer of Dutch art. The RKD, among other activities, has archived Friedlander’s art historical notes and photos.

[2] According to the invoice from Cosmos Art, Inc. dated December 15, 1942, the painting was previously owned by "Marchese F. Ollandini, Sarzana" [SLAM document files]. The RKD transcribes a note by Friedlander, “Olandini, Genua.” Van Miegroet [“Gerard David.” Antwerp: Mercatorfonds, 1989] gives “marchese F. Olandi Sarzana.”

[3] An article in Burlington Magazine specifically refers to the painting and its acquisition by Mr. and Mrs. Ernst Rosenfeld. [Siple, Ella S. “Acquisitions in America.” In Burlington Magazine 60:347 (Feb. 1932), 115]. According to the Friedlander archive, “E. Rosenfeld, NY.”

[4] See note [2]. Minutes of the Administrative Board of Control of the City Art Museum of St. Louis, December 9, 1942.

Exhibition History
Title: From Van Eyck to Dürer
Date: October 28, 2010–January 30, 2011
Venue: Groeningemuseum
Publication History
Title: Northern Renaissance Paintings: The Discovery of Invention
Periodical Title: The Saint Louis Art Museum Bulletin
Author: Molly Faries
Author: Maryan Wynn Ainsworth
Publisher: Saint Louis Art Museum
Title: Gerard David
Author: Hans J. Van Miegeroet
Editor: Peter Ruyffelaere
Editor: Paul Van Calster
Title: Van Eyck to Durer: Early Netherlandish Painting & Central Europe 1430-1530
Author: Till-Holger Borchert
Author: Dr. Julien Chapuis
Publisher: Musea Brugge
Publisher: Groeningemuseum
Title: David, Gerard
Periodical Title: Allgemeines Künstler-Lexikon Die Bildenden Künstler aller Zeiten und Völker
Author: D. Beaujean
Editor: Andreas Klmit
Editor: Michael Steppes
Title: Recent Acquisitions in America
Periodical Title: Burlington Magazine for Connoisseurs
Author: Ella S Siple
Title: Handbook of the Collections: The City Art Museum of Saint Louis
Publisher: Saint Louis Art Museum
Title: Van Eyck to Durer : the influence of early Netherlandish painting on European art, 1430-1530
Author: Till-Holger Borchert
Author: Dr. Julien Chapuis
Title: The St. Louis Art Museum: Handbook of the Collections
Publisher: Saint Louis Art Museum
Title: The Stix Bequest of Silver
Periodical Title: City Art Museum Poster of Events
Publisher: Saint Louis Art Museum
Title: Early Northern European Paintings
Periodical Title: The Saint Louis Art Museum Bulletin
Author: Larry Silver
Publisher: Saint Louis Art Museum
Title: Handbook of the Collections: The City Art Museum of Saint Louis
Publisher: Saint Louis Art Museum
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