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Standing Amitâbha Buddha (mokuzô Amida Nyorai ryûzô)

Standing Amitâbha Buddha (mokuzô Amida Nyorai ryûzô)

Standing Amitâbha Buddha (mokuzô Amida Nyorai ryûzô)
Publications

Standing Amitâbha Buddha (mokuzô Amida Nyorai ryûzô)

Date: mid-13th century

Culture: Japanese

Period: Kamakura period, 1185–1333

Medium: wood with gold pigment, lacquer, gilding, and crystal insets
Dimensions:
with pedestal: 44 3/8 x 20 x 20 in. (112.7 x 50.8 x 50.8 cm)
Credit Line: Museum Purchase
Object Number: 132:1966
Place made:Japan
Classification: SCULPTURE
Current Location:On View, Gallery 226
Notes:This figure of Amitabha, the Buddha of Boundless Light, is sculpted from fine woods and overlaid with layers of lacquer and gold. Beautifully inset eyes of crystal enliven its serene face and give the deity a sense of gentle warmth and compassion. Amitabha is the ruler of the Western Paradise, a land of bliss where all mortals may be reborn if they pray to him. Images of deities were created in a more sympathetic human form at this time in Japan, encouraging worship. Here, for example, the deity's hands are carved in delicate gestures to sooth and beckon the faithful, especially the dying, who held multicolored silken cords tied from the sculpture to their fingers so that Amitabha could personally lead them into paradise.
Provenance- 1963
Dr. Okabe Yôitsu, Tokyo, Japan [1]

1963 - 1966
N. V. Hammer, Inc. [Nathan Vadim Hammer (1917–1980)], New York, NY, USA, purchased from Dr. Okabe Yôitsu [2]

1966 -
Saint Louis Art Museum, purchased from N. V. Hammer, Inc. [3]


Notes:
[1] The Museum's accession record states that the object was formerly in the collection of Dr. Okabe [SLAM document files].

[2] By May 1963, this object was already in the possession of Nathan V. Hammer, as indicated in the credit line for the loan of the object to a special exhibition held at the Asia Society, New York, between May 7 and June 30, 1963 [see Benjamin Rowland, Jr., The Evolution of the Buddha Image (New York: The Asia Society, Inc., 1963), p. 122, cat. no. 64 (halftone illustration), and p. 145, cat. no. 64 (descriptive notes)].

[3] Invoice from N. V. Hammer, Inc. dated May 12, 1966 [SLAM document files]. Minutes of the Administrative Board of Control and Associate Members of the Board of Control of the City Art Museum, May 19, 1966.
Exhibition History
Title: The Evolution of the Buddha Image
Date: May 7 – June 30, 1963
Venue: Asia Society

Title: Masterworks in Wood: Japan and China
Date: November 2, 1976 – March 20, 1977
Venue: Portland Art Museum
Venue: Asia House

Title: Reflections of the Buddha
Date: September 9, 2011 – March 10, 2012
Venue: PFA

Title: Treasures from the East: Asian Art from the Collection
Date: September 25–November 14, 1982
Venue: SLAM

Publication History
Title: Recent Museum Acquisitions: Far Eastern Sculpture (City Art Museum, St Louis)
Periodical Title: The Burlington Magazine
Edition: July
Year Published: 1967

Title: The Evolution of the Buddha Image
Year Published: 1963

Title: Saint Louis Art Museum: Handbook of the Collection
Year Published: 2004

Title: Art of Asia Recently Acquired by American Museums, 1966
Periodical Title: Archives of Asian Art
Edition: 1967–1968
Year Published: 1967

Title: The St. Louis Art Museum: Handbook of the Collections
Year Published: 1975

Title: Pulitzer Foundation Workshop
Periodical Title: Archives of Asian Art
Edition: 2012
Year Published: 2012

Title: See for Yourself: Highlights of the Collection
Periodical Title: A Gallery Guide for The Saint Louis Art Museum
Year Published: 1990

Title: Masterworks in Wood: China and Japan
Year Published: 1976

Title: Japanese Art: Selections from Western Collections
Year Published: 1980

Title: Reflections of the Buddha
Year Published: 2011

Title: The Saint Louis Art Museum Handbook of the Collections
Year Published: 1991

Title: Among Recent Acquisitions
Periodical Title: Bulletin of the City Art Museum of Saint Louis
Edition: July – August
Year Published: 1966

In Collection(s)