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Jolly Flatboatmen in Port

Jolly Flatboatmen in Port

Jolly Flatboatmen in Port

Jolly Flatboatmen in Port

Date: 1857

Artist: George Caleb Bingham, American, 1811–1879

Medium: oil on canvas
Dimensions:
47 1/4 x 69 5/8 in. (120 x 176.8 cm)
framed: 61 1/8 x 83 3/4 x 5 3/8 in. (155.3 x 212.7 x 13.7 cm)
Credit Line: Museum Purchase
Object Number: 123:1944
Place made:Germany, Düsseldorf
Place depicted:Midwest, United States, Mississippi River
Classification: PAINTINGS
Current Location:On View, Gallery 336
Notes:This painting depicts a flatboat docked at a wharf in St. Louis, where boatmen amuse themselves with homespun entertainment. The revelry is so lively that another flatboat has pulled alongside to observe it. George Caleb Bingham has organized the crowd in a pyramid, with the smiling dancer waving his red handkerchief at its apex. Though early 19th-century writers described flatboatmen as violent, rambunctious individuals living on the margins of society, Bingham’s rosy-cheeked river workers appear more mischievous than threatening
Provenance- 1865
George Caleb Bingham (1811-1879), Düsseldorf, Germany; Washington, D.C., U.S.A.; Kansas City, MO; Jefferson City, MO [1]

1865 -
John How (1813-1885), St. Louis, MO, purchased from the artist [2]

- 1879
John H. Beach, St. Louis, MO [3]

1879 - 1944
St. Louis Mercantile Library Association, St. Louis, MO, gift of John H. Beach [4]

1944 -
Saint Louis Art Museum, purchased from the St. Louis Mercantile Library Association [5]


Notes:
The main source for this provenance is Bloch's catalogue raisonné, the 1986 edition, cat. no. 301 [Bloch, E. Maurice. "The Paintings of George Caleb Bingham: A Catalogue Raisonné." Columbia, MO: University of Missouri Press, 1986]. Exceptions and other supporting documents are noted.

[1] According to the Annual Report of the Board of Directors of the Saint Louis Mercantile Library, George Caleb Bingham owned "Jolly Flatboatmen in Port" in 1862, when he placed the painting, as well as his "Stump Speaking" (43:2001), "The County Election" (124:1944), and "The Verdict of the People" (45:2001), on indefinite loan to the St. Louis Mercantile Library Association ["Seventeenth Annual Report of the Board of Directors of the St. Louis Mercantile Library Association: January 13, 1863." St. Louis: M'Kee & Fishback, Printers and Binders, 1863, p. 18].

[2] The annual report of the St. Louis Mercantile Library Association for 1865 indicated that "Jolly Flatboatmen in Port" and three other paintings lent by Bingham (124:1944, 43:2001, 45:2001) were now the property of the O'Fallon Polytechnic Institute and would be moved there upon completion of its new building. However, the report for the year 1867 states that John How, former St. Louis mayor and one of the founders of the Institute, was the actual owner of the paintings. ["Twentieth Annual Report of the Board of Directors of the St. Louis Mercantile Library Association." St. Louis: R.P. Studley and Co., 1866, p. 22; "Twenty-second Annual Report of the Board of Directors of the St. Louis Mercantile Library Association." St. Louis: R.P. Studley & Co., 1868, p. 14].

[3] John H. Beach gave "Jolly Flatboatmen in Port" to the St. Louis Mercantile Library along with several other paintings by Bingham (124:1944, 43:2001, 45:2001). It is unclear how or when Beach acquired the four paintings ["Thirty-fourth Annual Report of the Board of Direction of the Saint Louis Mercantile Library." St. Louis: Printed for the Association, 1880, p. 18-19].

[4] See note [3].

[5] The Saint Louis Art Museum purchased "Jolly Flatboatmen in Port" and "The County Election" (124:1944) from the St. Louis Mercantile Library Association. Receipt dated November 9, 1944 [SLAM document files]. Minutes of the Administrative Board of Control of the City Art Museum, November 2, 1944.

Exhibition History
Title: A Souvenir of Romanticism in America
Date:
Venue: THEBALTIMOREMUSEUMOFART

Title: Mississippi Panorama, an exhibition of the life and landscape of the Father of Waters and its great tributary, the Missouri
Date: October 10, 1949 - September 1, 1950
Venue: City Art Museum of Saint Louis
Venue: William Rockhill Nelson Gallery of Art

Title: Loan Exhibition of the Drawings of George Caleb Bingham from the St. Louis Mercantile Library
Date: February 2 - March 2, 1963
Venue: M. Knoedler & Co., Inc.

Title: Bingham's Missouri
Date: September 26, 1975 - April 11, 1976
Venue: The Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art
Venue: SLAM
Venue: Springfield Art Museum, Springfield, Missouri
Venue: Kent Library, Southeast Missouri State University
Venue: Museum of Art and Archaeology, University of Missouri-Columbia
Venue: Mark Twain Museum
Venue: Albrecht Gallery

Title: George Caleb Bingham 1811-1879
Date: October 19, 1967 - May 19, 1968
Venue: National Collection of Fine Arts, Smithsonian Institution
Venue: The Cleveland Museum of Art
Venue: University of California, Los Angeles

Title: George Caleb Bingham: The Missouri Artist 1811-1879
Date: January 30 - 1935
Venue: Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art
Venue: MOMA

Title: Works of Art in the St. Louis Mercantile Library (First Annual Exhibition of Paintings)
Date: October 1871
Venue: Saint Louis Mercantile Library Association

Title: Focus George Caleb Bingham
Date: Tuesday, April 01, 1969 - Summer, 1969
Venue: CITYARTMUSEUMOFSAINTLOUIS

Title: One Hundred Fiftieth Anniversary Exhibition
Date: January 15 – March 13, 1955
Venue: Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts
Venue: BIBLIOTECANACIONALDEESPAÑA
Venue: PALAZZOSTROZZI,FLORENCE
Venue: TIROLERLANDESMUSEUMFERDINANDEUM
Venue: KØBENHAVNSRÅDHUS
Venue: MUSÉESROYAUXDESBEAUX-ARTSDEBELGI

Title: Navigating the West: George Caleb Bingham and the River
Date:
Venue: Amon Carter
Venue: SLAM
Venue: The MET

Title: American Frontier Life: Early Western Painting and Prints
Date: June 12, 1987 - April 22, 1988
Venue: Buffalo Bill Historical Center
Venue: Amon Carter Museum
Venue: Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts

Title: George Caleb Bingham
Date: June 3 – June 30, 1934
Venue: The Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art

Title: Special Exhibition of the Paintings of George Caleb Bingham "The Missouri Artist"
Date: April 9 - 24, 1910
Venue: Museum of Art and Archaeology, University of Missouri-Columbia

Title: Second Exhibition of Art and Artists along the Mississippi
Date: April 3 - April 30, 1941
Venue: Figge Art Museum

Title: American Heritage: An Exhibition of Paintings and Crafts
Date: March 7 – April 11, 1948
Venue: Denver Art Museum

Title: Paintings and Color Prints by George Caleb Bingham
Date: March 15 – April 15, 1934
Venue: SLAM

Title: George Caleb Bingham
Date: February 22 - September 30, 1990
Venue: SLAM
Venue: National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.

Title: First Annual Exhibition of the Western Academy of Art
Date: Tuesday, September 25, 1860 - Saturday, December 01, 1860
Venue: The Western Academy of Art

Title: Two Hundred Years of American Painting : assembled for the State Fair of Texas
Date: October 5 - November 4, 1946
Venue: The State Fair of Texas

Title: The Thirty-Seventh Annual Exhibition of the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts
Date: Monday, April 23, 1860 - Saturday, June 16, 1860
Venue: Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts

Title: George Caleb Bingham: Sesquicentennial Exhibition 1811-1961
Date: March 16, 1961 – June 30, 1961
Venue: William Rockhill Nelson Gallery of Art
Venue: SLAM

Title: The River: Images of the Mississippi
Date: Sunday, October 03, 1976 - Sunday, January 09, 1977
Venue: Walker Art Center

Title: Life in America
Date: March 4 – April 30, 1951
Venue: Denver Art Museum

Title: Sculpture, Paintings, Coins & Other Objects of Art in the Halls of the St. Louis Mercantile Library Association
Date: 1862
Venue: Saint Louis Mercantile Library Association

Title: American Heroism
Date: August 6 - October 14, 2001
Venue: The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo

Title: Fourth Annual Exhibition of the Washington Art Association
Date: Thursday, February 09, 1860 - Monday, March 26, 1860
Venue: Washington Art Association

Title: Selection '75
Date: May 1975 – December 1975
Venue: SLAM

Title: The Great Decade in American Writing 1850-1860: Emerson, Hawthorne, Melville, Thoreau, Whitman. Books and Manuscripts: With Paintings by Friends and Contemporaries of the Authors
Date: December 3 - 30, 1954
Venue: American Academy of Arts and Letters

Publication History
Title: American Painting of the Nineteenth Century: Realism, Idealism, and the American Experience
Year Published: 1969

Title: "But I Forget That I am a Painter and Not a Politician" The Letters of George Caleb Bingham
Year Published: 2011

Title: Shows of Force: Power, Politics, and Ideology in Art Exhibitions
Year Published: 1992

Title: Arcadian Waters and Wanton Seas: The Iconology of Waterscapes in Nineteenth-Century Transatlantic Culture
Year Published: 2009

Title: George Caleb Bingham: The Missouri Artist
Year Published: 1917

Title: The Art of Nostalgia: Bingham, Boone, and the Developing West
Periodical Title: Gateway Heritage: The Quarterly Magazine of the Missouri Historical Society
Edition: Fall
Year Published: 1990

Title: Lost Horizons
Periodical Title: Texas Monthly
Edition: December
Year Published: 1987

Title: George Caleb Bingham: Missouri Painter
Periodical Title: Humanities
Edition: March/April
Year Published: 1988

Title: Handbook of the Collections: The City Art Museum of Saint Louis
Year Published: 1953

Title: The Painting and Politics of George Caleb Bingham
Year Published: 1991

Title: Frontier Gallery
Periodical Title: Saint Louis Art Museum Magazine
Edition: November-December
Year Published: 1998

Title: The Art-Makers of Nineteenth-Century America
Year Published: 1970

Title: The Düsseldorf Academy and the Americans
Year Published: 1973

Title: America's History to 1877
Year Published: 1987

Title: World's Columbian Exposition 1893: Official Catalogue. Part X. Department K. Fine Arts
Year Published: 1893

Title: 200 Years of American Painting: Assembled for the State Fair of Texas
Year Published: 1946

Title: The Dred Scott Case: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives on Race and Law
Year Published: 2010

Title: Exposition and Fair: Catalogue of Paintings
Year Published: 1879

Title: Steamboats on the Mississippi
Year Published: 1962

Title: See for Yourself: Highlights of the Collection
Periodical Title: A Gallery Guide for The Saint Louis Art Museum
Year Published: 1990

Title: Bingham: The Artist and his Times
Year Published: 1956

Title: The Saint Louis Art Museum Handbook of the Collections
Year Published: 1991

Title: America: The New World in 19th Century Painting
Year Published: 1999

Title: On a Scale that Competes with the World, The Art of Edward and Nancy Reddin Kienholz
Year Published: 1990

Title: George Caleb Bingham: The Evolution of an Artist / A Catalogue Raisonné
Year Published: 1967

Title: American Romantic Painting
Year Published: 1944

Title: A Pioneer Painter
Periodical Title: The American Illustrated Methodist Magazine
Edition: October
Year Published: 1902

Title: American Encounters: Genre Painting And Everyday Life
Year Published: 2012

Title: That Wilder Image: The Paintings of America's Native School from Thomas Cole to Winslow Homer
Year Published: 1962

Title: Catalogue of the Thirty-Seventh Annual Exhibition of the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art
Year Published: 1860

Title: Artists on the Left: American Artists and the Communist Movement, 1926-1956
Year Published: 2002

Title: Westward the Way
Year Published: 1954

Title: Focus George Caleb Bingham
Year Published: 1969

Title: Painting American Frontiers: "Encounter" and the Borders of American Identity in Nineteenth-Century Art
Periodical Title: Perspective: Actualités de la Recherche en Histoire de L'Art
Year Published: 2013

Title: Art of the Golden West
Year Published: 1990

Title: Guide to the Sculpture, Paintings, Coins and Other Objects of Art in the Halls of the St. Louis Mercantile Library Association
Year Published: 1862

Title: What You See Is Not Necessarily What You Get: New Meaning in Images of the Old West
Periodical Title: The Magazine of Western History
Edition: Summer
Year Published: 1992

Title: Tour des Musées des Beaux-Arts du Monde
Year Published: 2002

Title: Synopsis of the Penburne Quintet
Periodical Title: Pennsylvania Folklife
Edition: Spring
Year Published: 1988

Title: George Caleb Bingham's River Paintings Revisited: Music and Dance in The Jolly Flatboatmen
Periodical Title: Musicological Explorations
Edition: Spring
Year Published: 2004

Title: Community and Tradition: Conservative Perspectives on the American Experience
Year Published: 1998

Title: Mississippi Panorama
Year Published: 1949

Title: The St. Louis Art Museum: Handbook of the Collections
Year Published: 1975

Title: Artists of the Old West
Year Published: 1982

Title: George Caleb Bingham: Frontier Painter
Periodical Title: Mankind: The Magazine of Popular History
Edition: June
Year Published: 1968

Title: Bingham: Fighting Artist
Year Published: 1954

Title: George Caleb Bingham: Frontier Painter of Missouri
Year Published: 1975

Title: American Heritage: An Exhibition of Paintings and Crafts
Year Published: 1948

Title: America and the Sea: A Maritime History
Year Published: 1998

Title: A Souvenir of Romanticism in America
Year Published: 1940

Title: American Frontier Life: Early Western Painting and Prints
Year Published: 1987

Title: The One Hundred and Fiftieth Anniversary Exhibition
Year Published: 1955

Title: Originality and Influence in George Caleb Bingham's Art
Periodical Title: Great Plains Quarterly
Edition: Winter
Year Published: 1985

Title: The Era of Good Feelings
Year Published: 1989

Title: George Caleb Bingham of Missouri: The Story of an Artist
Year Published: 1940

Title: Digging "Stone Coal"
Periodical Title: Alabama Heritage
Edition: Summer
Year Published: 2003

Title: American Art, History and Culture
Year Published: 1994

Title: One Hundred of the World's Most Beautiful Paintings
Year Published: 1991

Title: George Caleb Bingham
Periodical Title: American History Illustrated
Edition: February
Year Published: 1978

Title: It's Time To Resolve The Bingham Issue
Periodical Title: The St. Louis Post-Dispatch
Edition: Sunday, December 22
Year Published: 1974

Title: The Great Decade in American Writing 1850-1860: Emerson, Hawthorne, Melville, Thoreau, Whitman. Books and Manuscripts: With Paintings by
Friends and Contemporaries of the Authors
Year Published: 1954

Title: George Caleb Bingham
Periodical Title: Saint Louis Art Museum Magazine
Edition: March - April
Year Published: 1990

Title: Fiddle in the Camp
Periodical Title: Points West (Journal of the Buffalo Bill Historical Center)
Edition: Spring
Year Published: 2000

Title: George Caleb Bingham
Year Published: 1993

Title: Lexikon der Düsseldorfer Malerschule
Edition: Band I
Year Published: 1997

Title: Letters of George Caleb Bingham to James S. Rollins
Periodical Title: The Missouri Historical Review
Edition: October 1937 - July 1939
Year Published: 1938

Title: Western Rivermen, 1763-1861: Ohio and Mississippi Boatmen and the Myth of the Alligator Horse
Year Published: 1990

Title: Currents of Change: Art and Life Along the Mississippi River, 1850-1861
Year Published: 2004

Title: Twenty-second Annual Report of the Board of Directors of the St. Louis Mercantile Library Association
Year Published: 1868

Title: The Oxford History of the American West
Year Published: 1994

Title: Foreign Correspondence, Items, Etc.
Periodical Title: The Crayon
Edition: 12
Year Published: 1857

Title: George Caleb Bingham and Freemasonry: "The Jolly Flatboatmen" (1846) Reconsidered
Year Published: 2004

Title: Current Exhibition
Periodical Title: Bulletin of the City Art Museum of St. Louis
Edition: March-April
Year Published: 1969

Title: Thirty-Fourth Annual Report of the Board of Direction of the Saint Louis Mercantile Library Association
Year Published: 1880

Title: The Washington Art Association: An Exhibition Record, 1856-1860
Periodical Title: Records of the Columbia Historical Society, Washington, D.C.
Edition: 1963/1965
Year Published: 1965

Title: Twentieth Annual Report of the Board of Directors of the St. Louis Mercantile Library Association
Year Published: 1866

Title: Pudd'nhead Wilson and Other Tales
Year Published: 1992

Title: George Caleb Bingham: River Portraitist
Year Published: 1959

Title: George Caleb Bingham
Periodical Title: Bulletin of the City Art Museum of Saint Louis
Edition: October
Year Published: 1924

Title: Stephen Foster: American Experience
Year Published: 1982

Title: American Views: Essays on American Art
Year Published: 1991

Title: La Mythologie de l'Ouest dans l'Art Américain 1830-1940
Year Published: 2007

Title: Abandoned New England: Landscape in the Works of Homer, Frost, Hopper, Wyeth, and Bishop
Year Published: 2003

Title: George Caleb Bingham: Missouri's Famed Painter and Forgotten Politician
Year Published: 2005

Title: Look Away: Reality and Sentiment in Southern Art
Year Published: 1989

Title: Catalogue of the Fourth Annual Exhibition of the Washington Art Association
Year Published: 1860

Title: Lewis & Clark Tailor Made, Trail Worn: Army Life, Clothing, & Weapons of the Corps of Discovery
Year Published: 2003

Title: Museum News: The River Between Us
Periodical Title: Saint Louis Art Museum Magazine
Year Published: 2013

Title: When the Mississippi Ran Backwards: Empire, Intrigue, Murder and the New Madrid Earthquakes
Year Published: 2005

Title: The Authenticity of American Realism: Samuel Clemens and George Caleb Bingham "On the River"
Periodical Title: Prospects
Year Published: 1996

Title: Life In America
Year Published: 1951

Title: A Missourian Worth Remembering: George Caleb Bingham
Year Published: 1930

Title: Washington Correspondence
Periodical Title: Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper
Edition: February 25, 1860
Year Published: 1860

Title: Catalogue of the First Annual Exhibition of the Western Academy of Art
Year Published: 1860

Title: Dutch Influences in American Painting
Periodical Title: Antiques Magazine
Edition: December
Year Published: 1973

Title: Catalogue of the Works of Art in the St. Louis Mercantile Library: Exhibition of Paintings (First Annual)
Year Published: 1871

Title: Pioneering Art Historian Elizabeth Johns Settles at Penn
Periodical Title: Penn Arts and Sciences
Edition: Summer
Year Published: 1990

Title: The Heritage of America
Year Published: 1994

Title: Exhibiting Contradiction: Essays on the Art Museum in the United States
Year Published: 1998

Title: George Caleb Bingham
Periodical Title: The Magazine Antiques
Edition: July
Year Published: 1990

Title: The Drawings of George Caleb Bingham with a Catalogue Raisonné
Year Published: 1975

Title: Bank of America Donates George Caleb Bingham's "Election Series"
Periodical Title: Saint Louis Art Museum Magazine
Edition: January - March
Year Published: 2002

Title: Mississippi Panorama: First Full Showing in 90 Years
Periodical Title: Star-Times
Edition: October 11
Year Published: 1949

Title: The Paintings of George Caleb Bingham: A Catalogue Raisonné
Year Published: 1986

Title: Jolly Flatboatmen: Bingham and his Imitators
Periodical Title: Antiques Magazine
Edition: March
Year Published: 1958

Title: Bingham's Missouri
Year Published: 1975

Title: The River: Images of the Mississippi
Periodical Title: Design Quarterly
Year Published: 1976

Title: Masterworks of American Art
Year Published: 2008

Title: George Caleb Bingham 1811-1879
Year Published: 1967

Title: An Exhibition of the Work of George Caleb Bingham, 1811-1879, 'The Missouri Artist'
Periodical Title: Bulletin of the City Art Museum of Saint Louis
Edition: April
Year Published: 1934

Title: George Caleb Bingham
Year Published: 1990

Title: Special Exhibition of the Paintings of George Caleb Bingham "The Missouri Artist"
Year Published: 1910

Title: George Caleb Bingham: The Missouri Artist 1811-1879
Year Published: 1935

Title: George Caleb Bingham: The Artist as Social Historian
Periodical Title: American Quarterly
Edition: Summer
Year Published: 1965

Title: O! Say Can You See, The Story of America Through Great Paintings
Year Published: 1970

Title: Bilder aus der Neuen Welt, Amerikanishe Malerei des 18. und 19. Jahrhunderts: Meisterwerke aus der Sammlung Thyssen-Bornemisza und Museen der Vereinoigten Staaten
Year Published: 1988

Title: Second Exhibition of Art and Artists along the Mississippi
Year Published: 1941

Title: George Caleb Bingham: Sesquicentennial Exhibition 1811-1961
Periodical Title: The Nelson Gallery and Atkins Museum Bulletin
Year Published: 1961

In Collection(s)