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Portrait of a Woman

Portrait of a Woman

Portrait of a Woman
Publications

Portrait of a Woman

Date: c.1696

Artist: Nicolas de Largillière, French, 1656–1746

Medium: oil on canvas
Dimensions:
64 1/4 x 51 1/4 in. (163.2 x 130.2 cm)
Credit Line: Museum Purchase
Object Number: 3:1943
Place made:France, Versailles
Classification: PAINTINGS
Current Location:On View, Gallery 202
Notes:Surrounded by luxurious objects that enhance her beauty and define her good taste, this unknown woman threads the satin ribbons from a string of crystal beads into her hair. The lavish marble-top table with its putto base, the imported Chinese porcelain vase, and the opulent fabrics were frequent motifs in Largillière's art and were particularly popular among the moneyed society that employed him. In a court where nobility vied to be present when the king dressed in the morning, intimate images like this one, set in the bedroom or boudoir, were appropriate for the display of wealth and power.
Provenance- 1911
Mrs. Stephens Lyne Stephens (née Yolande-Marie-Louise Duvernay), Paris, France; Grove House, Roehampton, London, England; Lynford Hall, Norfolk, England [1]

1911/06/16 -
Partridge Collection, purchased at the Lyne Stephens sale, Christie's, London, June 16, 1911, lot no. 105 [2]

- still in 1915
Blakeslee Galleries, New York, NY, USA [3]

- 1927
Yves Perdou, Paris, France [4]

1927
James P. Labey, New York, NY, USA, purchased from Yves Perdou [5]

1927
The Milch Galleries, New York, NY [6]

1927/07/06 -
H. S. Rubens, New York, NY, purchased from The Milch Galleries [7]

The Milch Galleries, New York, NY, purchased from the Rubens estate [8]

- 1943
Schneider-Gabriel Galleries, Inc., New York, NY, purchased from The Milch Galleries [9]

1943 -
Saint Louis Art Museum, purchased from Schneider-Gabriel Galleries, Inc. [10]


Notes:
[1] According to an annotated copy of the sale catalogue, the painting was sold at Christie's as part of the Stephens Lyne Stephens collection. Handwritten in the margin is a reference to "Partridge" ["Catalogue of the Collection of Pictures by Old Masters". Christie's, London, June 16, 1911, lot no. 105]. The buyer's name, Partridge, is also listed on the Getty Provenance of Paintings Index.

[2] See note [1].

[3] The painting was part of the Blakeslee collection and was in the auction of that collection in 1915 ["The Extensive Collection of Highly Valuable Paintings by the Great Masters of the Early English, French, Flemish, Dutch, Italian and Spanish Schools from the Widely Known Blakeslee Galleries." The American Art Association, New York, April 21-23, 1915, lot no. 108]. We do not know if the painting was sold at this auction.

[4] A photograph of the painting with an inscription from Yves Perdue dated June 16, 1927, identifies the sitter as Madame de la Martellière [photograph, SLAM document files]. According to a letter from the Schneider-Gabriel Galleries dated February 2, 1943, Yves Perdou sold the painting to James P. Labey in 1927. This was the same year that The Milch Galleries sold the painting to H. S. Rubens [letter, SLAM document files].

[5] See note [4].

[6] See note [4].

[7] According to a letter from Albert Milch of The Milch Galleries dated February 1, 1943, the painting was sold by Milch to H. S. Rubens of New York on July 6, 1927 [letter, SLAM document files].

[8] According to the 1943 letter from Schneider-Gabriel Galleries (see note [4]), they had "recently" acquired the painting from The Milch Galleries who had bought it from the executors of the Rubens estate [SLAM document files].

[9] See note [8].

[10] Minutes of the Administrative Board of Control of the City Art Museum, January 7, 1943.
Exhibition History
Title: Jewelry and Finery: Eighteenth through Twentieth Centuries
Date: February 18 – March 26, 1967
Venue: John Herron Museum of Art

Title: The Century of Mozart
Date: January 15 – March 4, 1956
Venue: The Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art

Title: Largillierre and the Eighteenth-Century Portrait
Date: September 19 – November 15, 1981
Venue: Montreal Museum of Fine Arts

Title: Homage to Mozart: a Loan Exhibition of European Painting, 1750-1800 Honoring the 200th Anniversary of Mozart's Birth
Date: March 22 – April 29, 1956
Venue: Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art

Title: Fifty Masterworks from the City Art Museum of St. Louis
Date: November 6 - December 13, 1958
Venue: Wildenstein & Co.

Publication History
Title: The St. Louis Art Museum: Handbook of the Collections
Year Published: 1975

Title: Largillierre and the Eighteenth-Century Portrait
Year Published: 1981

Title: Louis XIV and his heirs
Periodical Title: Burlington Magazine
Edition: February
Year Published: 1983

Title: Lettre de Montréal: Largillierre (sic), premier des peintres modernes
Periodical Title: Art International
Edition: March-April
Year Published: 1982

Title: Handbook of the Collections: The City Art Museum of Saint Louis
Year Published: 1944

Title: Collection in Focus: Early European Galleries
Periodical Title: Saint Louis Art Museum Magazine
Edition: July-September
Year Published: 2006

Title: Illustrated Catalogue of the Extensive Collection of Highly Valuable Paintings from the Widely Known Blakeslee Galleries
Year Published: 1915

Title: Le Portrait de Gentilhomme de Largillierre: un exercice d'attention
Periodical Title: Revue de l'Art
Year Published: 1993

Title: Homage to Mozart: a Loan Exhibition of European Painting, 1750-1800 Honoring the 200th Anniversary of Mozart's Birth
Year Published: 1956

Title: The 'Dutchess de Velours' and her daughter: A Masterpiece by Nattier and Its Historical Context
Periodical Title: The Metropolitan Museum Journal
Year Published: 1996

Title: Baroque and Rococo Art and Architecture
Year Published: 2013

Title: Identification de portrait de Mme Neyret de la Ravoye par Hyacinthe Rigaud
Periodical Title: Bulletin de la societe de l'histoire de l'art francais
Year Published: 1963

Title: Jewelry and Finery: Eighteenth through Twentieth Centuries
Year Published: 1967

Title: French Paintings of the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries
Periodical Title: The Saint Louis Art Museum Bulletin
Edition: Summer
Year Published: 1981

Title: Letter: Louis XIV and his Heirs in the Wallace Collection
Periodical Title: Burlington Magazine
Edition: July
Year Published: 1983

Title: Dossier de l'art: Largillierre: un géant retrouvé
Edition: September
Year Published: 1998

Title: Largillierre's Portrait of Madame Aubry
Periodical Title: Bulletin of the Minneapolis Institute of Arts
Year Published: 1977

Title: Catalogue of the Collection of Pictures by Old Masters of Sir Thomas Andros de la Rue, Bart.
Edition: June 16
Year Published: 1911

Title: Largillierre et ses modelès: Problems d'iconographie
Periodical Title: L'Oeil
Edition: June
Year Published: 1982

Title: A Portrait by Largillière
Periodical Title: Bulletin of the City Art Museum of Saint Louis
Edition: August
Year Published: 1945

Title: Largillière
Year Published: 1928

Title: Discovering the Secrets of Soft-Paste Porcelain at The Saint-Cloud Manufactory ca. 1690-1766
Year Published: 1999

Title: Nicolas de Largillierre, Documents notariés inédits
Periodical Title: Gazette des Beaux-Arts
Edition: July-August
Year Published: 1981

Title: Nicolas de Largillierre: heurs and malheurs d'un chef-d'oeuvre
Periodical Title: L'Oeil
Edition: December
Year Published: 1985

Title: The Century of Mozart
Periodical Title: The Nelson Gallery and Atkins Museum Bulletin
Year Published: 1956

Title: Saint Louis Art Museum: Handbook of the Collection
Year Published: 2004

Title: Fifty Masterworks from the City Art Museum of St. Louis
Year Published: 1958

Title: Handbook of the Collections: The City Art Museum of Saint Louis
Year Published: 1953